bd40bc7c7a His adventures were the inspiration for the well known novel Eaters of the Dead by Michael Crichton  (filmed as The 13th Warrior (1999) directed by Johni McTiernan, with Antonio Banderas as Ibn Fadhlan . 2005. Collected and reprinted by Fuat Sezgin in collaboration with Mazen Amawi. Beowulf, written in Old English sometime before the 10th century CE, is an Old English heroic epic poem. When they arrived, Ibn Fadlan read aloud a letter from the Caliph to the Bulgar Khan, and presented him with gifts from the caliphate.
Ibn Fadlan Al-Mas'ud Ibn Hauqal Al-Muqaddas Yakut. "Ibn Fadlan: An Arab Among the Vikings of Russia." Science and Its Times. 2: 700 to 1449. Journal of Arabic and Islamic Studies vol. Princeton: Marcus Weiner Publishers. Paul Lunde and Caroline Stone, Penguin Classics, 2011. Most scholars identify them with the Rus' or Varangians, which would make Ibn Fadhlan's account one of the earliest portrayals of Vikings. [Video], A Muslim Goes to Europe, 922 AD.  For more details on Ibn Fadhlan's travel account, see the electronic publication of the Arabic text : click here; Judith Gabriel, "Among the Norse Tribes: The Remarkable Account of Ibn Fadlan", Saudi Aramco World, November/December 1999, pp.